*Intended learning outcomes: Present an algorithm for cost estimation of goods manufactured. Produce a representation of the cost accumulation and an overview of the comprehensive calculation for a product line.*

## Course section 16.2: Subsections and their intended learning outcomes

##### 16.2 Cost Estimating

Intended learning outcomes: Present an algorithm for cost estimation of goods manufactured. Produce a representation of the cost accumulation and an overview of the comprehensive calculation for a product line.

##### 16.2.1 An Algorithm for Cost Estimation of Goods Manufactured

Intended learning outcomes: Present in detail a ball bearing as an example product. Describe the algorithm for estimating the cost of a product (shown for three cost types). Explain the data flow of the cost-estimating algorithm.

##### 16.2.2 Representation of the Cost Accumulation and Comprehensive Calculation for a Product Line

Intended learning outcomes: Explain a graphical representation of the cost accumulation for a product. Disclose how to proceed if the entire line of products has to be recalculated.

## Course sections and their intended learning outcomes

##### Course 16 – Cost Estimating, Job-Order Costing, and Activity-Based Costing

Intended learning outcomes: Produce a review on costs, cost elements, and cost structures. Explain cost estimating in detail. Describe job-order costing. Disclose activity-based costing.

##### 16.1 Costs, Cost Elements, and Cost Structures

Intended learning outcomes: Produce an overview on actual, direct, and overhead costs. Differentiate between average costs and standard costs as well as between variable costs and fixed costs. Explain the cost accumulation breakdown that is the cost breakdown structure of a product.

##### 16.2 Cost Estimating

Intended learning outcomes: Present an algorithm for cost estimation of goods manufactured. Produce a representation of the cost accumulation and an overview of the comprehensive calculation for a product line.

##### 16.3 Job-Order Costing

Intended learning outcomes: Describe actual quantities and actual costs. Explain cost analysis. Produce an overview on the interface from order management to cost accounting.

##### 16.4 Activity-Based Costing

Intended learning outcomes: Disclose the limits of traditional product costing. Explain activity-based costing: aim, basic premise, requirements, and technique. Present typical processes (activities) and process variables as well as the activity-based product cost estimation.

##### 16.5 Summary

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##### 16.6 Keywords

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##### 16.7 Scenarios and Exercises

Intended learning outcomes: Elaborate job-order costing and activity-based costing using an example. Compare job-order costing and activity-based costing.

##### 16.8 References

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