Integral Logistics Management — Operations Management and Supply Chain Management Within and Across Companies

Integral Logistics Management — Notes to the Student

Intended learning outcomes: Identify various notes to the student.

Definition of terms

Definitions of key concepts and terms usually appear in text boxes, or in special tables or lists, or in footnotes. The terms being defined always appear in italics.

  • The definitions of terms sometimes take the form of an indented bulleted
    list. This form is useful particularly where one and the same characteristic
    has varying degrees of expression.
  • A gray background highlights important principles, examples, points to remember, prescribed procedures, steps of a technique, or solutions of selected scenarios and exercises. The reader will often find a reference to a figure.

Optional sections

  • Some sections of the course are not essential reading for an understanding of the subsequent material. An asterisk (*) identifies these optional sections.
  • Also optional in this sense are the additional definitions provided in footnotes. They appear for the sake of completeness or as information for practitioners or for readers coming from related disciplines.


We use the following abbreviations in the text:

  • cf. for “compare”
  • R&D for “research and development”
  • ID for “identification” (for example, item ID)
  • IT for “information technology”

For our interactive elements, please refer to: .

For additional teaching material, please refer to: .

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